O Come, Let Us Worship!


Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary
O Come, Let Us Worship main page
Bibliography and discography


Scripture quotations are generally from the New King James Version of the Holy Bible, ©1982 by the Thomas Nelson Company.

Quotations from the Augsburg Confession are from the forthcoming Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary.

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Aaberg, J. C. Hymns and Hymnwriters of Denmark. Des Moines: Committee on Publication of the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, 1945.

Anderson, Verlyn. The History and Acculturation of the English Language Hymnals of the Norwegian-American Lutheran Churches, 1879-1958. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Dissertation Information Service, 1988; ©1972 by Verlyn Dean Anderson.

Augustine. Confessions. Translated by Rex Warner. New York: New American Library, 1963.

Backer, Bruce R. Lutheran Worship (course syllabus). New Ulm, MN: Dr. Martin Luther College, 1988.

Bergsma, Johannes. Johannes Bugenhagen and the Reformation of the Liturgy of the Mass. Preliminary English Translation by Dennis Marzolf, 1993. The original title is: Die Reform der Messliturgie durch Johannes Bugenhagen (1485-1558). Hildesheim: Bernward Verlag, 1966.

Book of Common Prayer. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Cartford, Gerhard. Music in the Norwegian Lutheran Church: A Study of its Development in Norway and its Transfer to America, 1825-1917. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Dissertation Information Service, 1988; ©1962 by Gerhard Cartford.

Dahle, John. The Library of Christian Hymns. Starbuck, MN: Lutheran Memorial Publishing Company, 1924.

Dannemarkes og Norges Kirke Ritual. Copenhagen: Andreas Hartwig Godiche, the University Book Publishers, 1761. [= the 1685 Church Ritual with changes listed as endnotes]

Davies, J.G. (Editor). A Dictionary of Liturgy and Worship. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1972.

Edersheim, Alfred. The Temple: Its Ministry and Services. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, reprint 1985.

Flatø, Lars. Den store liturgirevisjonen i vår kirke 1886-1926: En kirkehistorisk undersøkelse. Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag, 1982.

Haïk-Vantoura, Suzanne. The Music of the Bible Revealed. Berkeley, CA: Bibal Press, 1991.

Hedley, George. Christian Worship: Some Meanings and Means. New York: Macmillan, 1953.

Holloway, Henry. The Norwegian Rite. London: Arthur H. Stockwell Ltd., 1934.

Jansen, F. J. Billeskov. Dansk Littertatur Historie. Copenhagen: Politikens Forlag, 1976.

Jungmann, Josef. The Early Liturgy: To the Time of Gregory the Great. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1959.

Kingo, Thomas. Thomas Kingos Graduale. Odense, Denmark: Christian Schrøder, 1699. Facsimile edition: Odense, Denmark: Andelsbogtrykkeriet, 1967. The facsimile edition includes two modern essays: "Thomas Kingo's Gradual: A Hymnological-Historical Introduction" by Erik Norman Svendsen, and "Melodic Contents in Kingo's Gradual" by Henrik Glahn.

Leaver, Robin. Music in the Service of the Church: The Funeral Sermon for Heinrich Schütz (1585-1672). St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1984.

Le Mée, Katharine. Chant. New York: Bell Tower, 1994.

Lundquist, Matthew N. Hymnological Studies. Chicago: Wartburg Publishing House, 1926.

Luther, Martin. Luther's Works, Vol. 53: Liturgy and Hymns. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1965.

Marzolf, Dennis. Luther Among the Musicians. Mankato, MN: Bethany College Bookstore.

Nagel, Norman. "Whose Liturgy Is It?" in Logia, II 2, April 1993.

Reed, Luther D. Memoirs of the Lutheran Liturgical Association. Philadelphia: Lutheran Liturgical Association, 1906. Contents of the 7 volumes (in one binding) listed below:

I 1 The Fundamental Principles of Christian Worship (J. C. F. Rupp)
I 9 Our Distinctive Worship-The Common Service and Other Liturgies, Ancient and Modern (L. D. Reed)
I 19 The Significance of Liturgical Reform (E. T. Horn)
I 41 The Sources of the Morning Service of the Common Service (R. M. Smith)
II 1 The Architecture of the Chancel (E. F. Krauss)
II 7 The Significance of the Altar (W. E. Schramm)
II 15 The Swedish Liturgies (N. Forsander)
II 29 Altar Linen (L. D. Reed)
II 35 The Sources of the Minor Services (R. M. Smith)
II 57 The History of the Liturgy of the Lutheran Church in Denmark (E. Belfour)
II 75 Thematic Harmony of Introit, Collect, Epistle, and Gospel (D. H. Geissinger)
II 83 Art in Worship (J. F. Ohl)
III 1 The Administration of the Lord's Supper in Different Ages of the Church (G. S. Seaman)
III 9 The Liturgical History of Confirmation (C. T. Benze)
III 19 The Church and the Liturgy (C. M. Jacobs)
III 35 The Church Prayer (C. A. Miller)
III 47 The Value of Liturgical Study for Organists (G. C. Rees)
III 59 A General Survey of the Book of Common Prayer (S. A. Bridges Stopp)
III 75 Means of Liturgical Reform (T. W. Kretschmann)
III 81 Liturgical Education of the Church's Youth (R. E. McDaniel)
III 89 The Sacrificial Idea in Christian Worship (G. F. Spieker)
III 101 The Place of Liturgy in the Church's Thought, Life and Art (J. A. W. Haas)
III 113 The Liturgical History of Baptism (H. S. Gilbert)
IV 1 The Liturgical Influence of the Lesser Reformers (C. T. Benze)
IV 17 The Ecclesiastical Calendar (N. R. Melhorn)
IV 29 Luther's Liturgical Writings (E. A. Trabert)
IV 47 The Pericopes (A. Spaeth)
IV 63 Liturgical Development in the Period of the Reformation (E. T. Horn)
IV 67 The Liturgical Deterioration of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (J. F. Ohl)
IV 79 Liturgy and Doctrine (D. H. Geissinger)
IV 85 Early American Lutheran Liturgies (D. M. Kemerer)
IV 95 The Liturgy of the Icelandic Church (F. J. Bergmann)
V 1 The Liturgical Influence of Gregory the Great (A. L. Ramer)
V 9 The Function of the Minister in Divine Worship (E. F. Krauss)
V 21 A Laity Liturgically Well-Informed (A. B. Markley)
V 31 The Significance of Symbolism and Its Employment in the Service of the Church (G. J. Gongaware)
V 41 The Collects (S. A Bridges Stopp)
V 53 The Fundamental Principles of Divine Service (G. W. Mechling)
V 69 Regulations and Customs Pertaining to the Use of the Sacraments (I. M. Wallace)
V 85 Liturgical Accuracy and Spirituality (H. D. Spaeth)
VI 1 Contributive Influences Noted in the History and Structure of the Liturgy (W. A. Lambert)
VI 17 Remarks on Some of Our Liturgical Classics (E. T. Horn)
VI 23 Preaching and the Day (P. Z. Strodach)
VI 41 Christian Worship in the Apostolic Age (C. M. Jacobs)
VI 65 The Liturgical History of Confession and Absolution
VI 77 The Sacramental Idea in Christian Worship (A. Spaeth)
VI 89 Paraments of the Lord's House (G. U. Wenner)
VII 1 Liturgical Colors (P. Z. Strodach)
VII 19 Consecration (G. U. Wenner)
VII 27 The Liturgical Use of the Creeds (J. W. Horine)
VII 35 The Liturgy of the Norwegian Lutheran Church (E. K. Johnsen)
VII 49 Christian Worship in the First Post-Apostolic Age (C. M. Jacobs)
VII 75 The Application of Lutheran Principles of the Church Building (E. T. Horn)
VII 121 The Bidding Prayer, Litany, and Suffrages (C. K. Fegley)
VII 159 The Use of Stained Glass in Ecclesiastical Architecture (E. F. Krauss)
VII 169 Sacred Monograms-The Charisma and the Holy Name (E. F. Krever)

Reed, Luther D. The Lutheran Liturgy. Philadelphia: Muhlenberg Press, 1947. Reprinted by Concordia Publishing House, 1985.

Routley, Erik. The Church and Music. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co., Ltd., 1949.

Sandvik, Ole M. Norske Religiøse Folketoner. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1960.

Senkbeil, Harold. Sanctification: Christ in Action. Milwaukee: Northwestern Publishing House, 1988.

Smedal, Gottfried. "Menighedens Deltagelse i Gudstjenesten" ["The congregation's participation in the Divine Service"] in Evangelisk Luthersk Kirketidende (January and February 1897) p. 657-73, 81-91.

Smith, C. Howard. Scandinavian Hymnody from the Reformation to the Present. Metuchen, NJ: The American Theological Library Association and the Scarecrow Press, 1987.

Stiller, Günther. Johann Sebastian Bach and Liturgical Life in Leipzig. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1984.

Stulken, Marilyn Kay. Hymnal Companion to the Lutheran Book of Worship. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1981.

Thompson, Bard. Liturgies of the Western Church. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1961.


Bach, J. S. Mass in b minor (Messe in h-moll) - 2 hours

St. Matthew Passion (Matthäus-Passion) - 3 hours

St. John Passion (Johannes-Passion) - 2 hours

Christmas Oratorio (Weihnachts-Oratorium) - 3 hours (Six cantatas for Christmas through Epiphany)

Cantatas (about 200 are extant). Some of the most important are: BWV 4 (Christ lag in Todesbanden, Christ Jesus lay in death's strong bands), BWV 140 (Wachet auf, Wake Awake), BWV 7 (Christ unser Herr zum Jordan kam, To Jordan came our Lord the Christ), BWV 80 (Ein feste Burg, A Mighty Fortress)

Brahms, Johannes. A German Requiem, Motets.

Classical Christmas. [5 CD set Laserlight 35890, or each: 15272, 15146, 15274, 15147, 15276]

Favorite Norwegian Hymns (Gustavus Adolphus Choir) [Delta 93-327]

Haïk-Vantoura, Suzanne. Music of the Bible Revealed. [Harmonia Mundi 190989]

Martin Luther und die Musik (works by Walter, Des Prez, Senfl, Schein, Scheidt, Praetorius, etc.) [Christophorus 0025]

Mendelssohn, Felix. Reformation Symphony, Elijah, St. Paul, Organ Sonatas.

Music from the Time of Christian IV: Church Music at Court and in Town. [BIS 289]


Sacred Music from the Court of Christian IV. [Kontrapunkt 32100]

Norsk på nytt. Norwegian folk-songs and folk-hymns. [Lynor 9403]

Praetorius, Michael. [Lutheran] Mass for Christmas Morning (as it might have been done in 1620), recorded in Roskilde Cathedral in Denmark (birthplace of hymnwriter Hans C. Sthen) [Archiv 439 250-2]

Rutter, John (conductor). Brother Sun, Sister Moon: The Cambridge Singers conducted by John Rutter. Music for the Morning and Evening Rite (good sampling of Gregorian chant, German and English composers) [American Gramaphone 588]

Schütz, Heinrich (before Bach) Psalms, St. John Passion, Seven Words from the Cross.